Spina bifida is a congenital defect that occurs due to incomplete development of the spinal cord or its coverings. It can be mild or severe.
Although the exact cause of spina bifida isn’t known but following causes are believed to be responsible for spina bifida:
Most of the mild cases show no symptoms as it depends upon the severity of the defect. Severe form of spina bifida causes following spine and brain issues:
The diagnosis of congenital abnormalities is best during prenatal period. Ultrasound of the developing baby and maternal serum triple or quadruple screening can check the signs of spina bifida and other problems. Further confirmation can be done by amniocentesis.
After delivery, X-ray, an MRI, or a CT scan can be done to see if there is any defect in baby.
Mild form of spina bifida and meningocele are not noticeable and generally don’t need any treatment. But the most severe form usually need surgery that can be done either before or after the baby is born. In addition to this, child requires continuous support to live a quality life.